TURKISH JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY 2017 , Vol 1 , Num 3
A Dosimetric Plan Study to Increase the Dose from 63 Gy to 70 Gy in Early-Stage Glottic Larynx Cancer
Murat OKUTAN1,Burak ŞENGÜL1,Canan KÖKSAL1,Evren Ozan GÖKSEL2,Kübra ÖZKAYA TORAMAN3,Bayram DEMİR4,Musa ALTUN3
1Department of Medical Physics, Istanbul University, Institute of Oncology, İstanbul-Turkey
2Department of Radiotherapy, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Vocational School of Health Services, İstanbul-Turkey
3Department of Radiation Oncology, İstanbul University, Institute of Oncology, İstanbul-Turkey
4Department of Physics, İstanbul University, Science Faculty, İstanbul-Turkey
DOI : 10.5505/tjo.2020.2327 OBJECTIVE
The present study aims to compare the treatment plan parameters of different radiotherapy techniques [3D-Conformal Radiotherapy (3D-CRT), Dynamic ? Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (D-IMRT), Intensity Modulated Arc Therapy (IMAT) and Helical Tomotherapy (HT)] in Early-Stage Glottic Larynx (EGL) cancer to increase the treatment dose from 63 Gy to 70 Gy.

METHODS
The dose prescription was defined as 2.12 Gy per fraction to a total of 33 fractions. 95% of Planning Treatment Volume-63 Gy (PTV-63) and Planning Treatment Volume-70 (PTV- 70) treatment volumes received the treatment dose of at least 63 and 70 Gy, respectively. The conventional-boost technique was used for 3D-CRT and the simultaneous integrated boost technique was used for other techniques.

RESULTS
The doses obtained from carotid arteries, thyroid and submandibular glands using IMRT, IMAT, and HT were significantly lower than 3D-CRT. The study results pointed out the possibility of giving a treatment dose of 70 Gy to the PTV of EGL with all planning techniques, with some advantages and disadvantages between them. All IMRT techniques provided superiority to 3D-CRT on the doses of the carotid artery, the thyroid gland, the submandibular glands, and the pharyngeal constrictor muscles with less variation between them.

CONCLUSION
The IMAT and 3D-CRT techniques yielded lower monitor unit values compared to other techniques. Normal tissue radiation exposure was lowest with the 3D-CRT technique. We recommend to increase the treatment dose from 63 Gy to 70 Gy in the radiotherapy of EGL cancer but to select the technique according to the patient"s condition. Keywords : Dynamic-IMRT; 3D-CRT; early-stage glottic laryngeal cancer; helical tomotherapy; IMAT