TURKISH JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY 2017 , Vol 1 , Num 3
Strategies to Prevent Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
Onur KOYUNCU1,Senem URFALI1,Sedat HAKİMOĞLU1,A. Muhittin TAŞDOĞAN2
1Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay-Turkey
2Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep-Turkey
DOI : 10.5505/tjo.2020.2270 Nausea and vomiting seen within the post-operative recovery room or 24 hours following the operation remain one of the most common complications in the postoperative period. Nausea and vomiting decrease the patient's postoperative satisfaction, which may lead to complications, such as aspiration of gastric contents, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, hemorrhage, it may also bring about economic losses, prolongs recovery time and length of hospital stay. Therefore, in the preoperative process, it is very important to investigate the risks correctly for each patient concerning postoperative nausea and vomiting and to identify and apply risk-reducing pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment methods. In this review, the importance of postoperative nausea and vomiting, risk factors, strategies to reduce risks and the treatment algorithm used in prophylaxis are presented. Keywords : Postoperative nausea-vomiting; postoperative nausea-vomiting risk factors; postoperative nausea-vomiting prevention; postoperative nausea-vomiting treatment algorithm