The Turkish Journal of Oncology is published in accordance with the principles of independent, unbiased, and double-blinded peer review. It publishes original research related to clinical, experimental and basic sciences on oncology, editorial comments, reviews covering current issues, educational articles, scientific letters, case reports, letters to the editor, articles on history of medicine and publication ethics, and interviews deemed appropriate for the purposes and scope of the journal.
The journal evaluates only the manuscripts submitted through its online submission system on the web site [onkder.org]. Manuscripts sent by other means will not be accepted.
The primary conditions for the acceptance of manuscripts for publication are originality, scientific value and citation potential.
Statements And Guidelines
• All statements and opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in the Turkish Journal of Oncology reflect the views of the author(s). All liability for the advertisements rests with the appropriate organization(s). The Turkish Society for Radiation Oncology, the Editor and KARE PUBLISHING do not accept any responsibility for articles and advertisements.
• The manuscripts submitted to the journal, except abstracts, presentations, reviews and parts of theses, should not have been accepted and published previously elsewhere in electronic or printed format. Manuscripts evaluated and rejected by other journals must mention any previous submissions and supply reviewer’s reports. This will help to accelerate the evaluation process. If the submitted manuscript has been previously presented at a meeting, the name, date, city and country must be specified.
• The authors transfer all copyrights of the manuscript in the framework of national and international regulations to the Turkish Society for Radiation Oncology as of evaluation process. A Copyright Transfer Form signed by corresponding author in order must be submitted to the journal with manuscript. After acceptance of manuscript, all of authors must fill and sign Copyright Transfer form. A separate form for each manuscript should be submitted. Manuscripts submitted without a Copyright Transfer Form will not be accepted. In the case of rejection, all copyrights transfer to the authors again. Authors must confirm that they will not submit the work to another journal, publish it in the original or another language and or allow a third party to use the manuscript without the written permission of the Turkish Society for Radiation Oncology.
• All contents are the authors’ responsibility. All financial liability and legal responsibility associated with the copyright of submitted tables, figures and other visual materials protected by national and international laws rest with the authors. The authors take responsibility for any legal proceedings issued against the journal.
• Rejected manuscripts will not be returned except for artwork.
• To clarify scientific contributions and responsibilities and any conflict of interest issues relevant to the manuscript, all parts of the ‘Authors' Contribution’ form must be completed by the corresponding author and the ‘ICMJE Uniform Disclosure Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest’ must be completed online by all authors. Both forms should be included in the manuscript at the time of original submission.
• The format of the manuscripts must be in accordance with the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in December 2014: http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf).
• The presentation of the manuscripts must be in accordance with international guidelines. CONSORT should be used for randomized trials, STROBE for observational studies, STARD for diagnostic studies, PRISMA for systematic reviews and meta-analyses, ARRIVE for animal studies, and TREND for non-randomized behavior and public health studies.
• All manuscripts will be vetted by the Editor’s Office for possible plagiarism and duplication. Sanctions will be imposed in accordance with the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) when non-ethical issues arise. The authors must obtain the permission of the copyright holder for non-original tables, figures, graphs, images and other visuals.
• The authors should acknowledge and provide detailed information on any contributions in kind and financial support given by any foundations, institutions and firms.
• An ethics committee report prepared in conformity with the WMA Declaration of Helsinki
- Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects and the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals is required to be submitted with experimental and clinical studies, drug trial studies and some case reports. Authors may be asked by the Editor’s Office for an ethics committee report or similar in other circumstances also. Manuscripts reporting the results of experimental studies must explain in detail all procedures which volunteer subjects and patients have undergone and a statement indicating that consent for the study has been obtained from all subjects should be included in the text. Animal studies should clearly specify how pain or discomfort has been relieved.
Preparation and Submission of Manuscripts
Manuscript files should be prepared with Microsoft Office Word. The online submission system will direct authors during all stages of submission and provide necessary support for accelerating the submission process. A list of the files that should be supplied through the online submission system is provided below.
- Title Page
- Main Text
- Tables, Graphs and Figures
- Copyright Transfer Form
- Author Contribution Form
1. Title Page
Information about the authors and their institutions should not be included in the main text, tables, figures and video documents. Since submitted manuscripts are evaluated by the reviewers through the online system, personal identification is excluded in the interests of unbiased interpretation. Thus, only information about the manuscript as specified below should be included on the title page. For each type of manuscript, it is mandatory to upload a title page as a separate Microsoft Word document through the online submission system. The title page should include the names of the authors with their latest academic degrees, and the name of the department and institution, city and country where the study was conducted. If the study was conducted in several institutions, the affiliation of each author must be specified with symbols. The correspondence address should contain the full name of the corresponding author, postal and e-mail addresses, phone and fax numbers. If the content of the manuscript has been presented before, the name, date and place of the meeting must be noted. Disclosure of conflict of interest, institutional and financial support, author contributions and acknowledgments should be included on the title page.
2. Main Text
The manuscripts submitted to our journal are classified and evaluated according to the manuscript types stated below. During preliminary evaluation, the editors assess whether a manuscript’s format and sub-headings are prepared in accordance with the journal’s guidelines. Therefore, it is important that authors check the accuracy of the main text in terms of the following.
A. Manuscript types
- Original Investigation
- Editorial Comment
- Scientific Letter
- Case Report
- Letter to the Editor
- Miscellaneous Articles
C. Special Terms and Conditions
A. Manuscript types
• Original Investigation
- Structured Abstract: It should be structured with Objective, Methods, Results and Conclusion subheadings and should be limited to 250 words.
- Keywords: This section should contain a minimum of three and a maximum of six items in accordance with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms prepared by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and should be placed just below the abstract.
- Main Text: It should consist of Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Limitations of the Study and Conclusion sections and should not exceed 5000 words excluding the references.
- References: The reference list should be provided following the Main Text. Limiting the number of references to 50 is usually sufficient.
- Tables, Figures and Images: They should be placed below the reference list and numbered according to their consecutive order in the main text.
- Title, Structured Abstract and Keywords should also be provided in Turkish for manuscripts submitted by Turkish authors or from Turkey. However, translations of these sections for manuscripts submitted by foreign authors outside Turkey will be the responsibility of the publisher.
Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis should be conducted in accordance with the guidelines on reporting statistical data in medical journals [Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93 and Lang T, Altman D. Basic statistical reporting for articles published in clinical medical journals: the SAMPL Guidelines. In: Smart P, Maisonneuve H, Polderman A (editors). Science Editors’ Handbook, European Association of Science Editors, 2013.]. The software used for statistical analysis must be described. Data must be expressed as mean ± standard deviation when parametric tests are used to compare continuous variables. For nonparametric tests, data must be expressed as median (minimum-maximum) or percentiles (25th and 75th percentiles). In advanced and complex statistical analyses, relative risk (RR), odds ratio (OR) and hazard ratio (HR) must be supported by confidence intervals and p values. The outcomes of statistical analyses and interpretation of the results must be in evidence-based scientific language.
• Editorial Comment
Authors are selected and invited by the Editor. This type of manuscript aims at providing a brief commentary on an article published in the journal by a researcher who is an authority in the relevant field or by the reviewer of the article.
- Main Text: It should not include subheadings and should be limited to 500 words.
- References: The reference list should follow the main text and the number of references should be limited by 15.
- Abstract, Keywords, Tables, Figures, Images and other visuals are not included in editorial comments.
- The title should also be provided in Turkish for works submitted by Turkish authors or from Turkey. The title of the manuscripts submitted by foreign authors outside Turkey will be translated into Turkish by the Editor’s Office.
Reviews prepared by authors with extensive knowledge on a particular field, which has been reflected in international literature by a high number of publications and citations, are evaluated. The authors may be invited by the Editor. A review should be prepared in the format describing, discussing and evaluating the current level of knowledge or topic that is to be used in the clinical practice and it should guide further studies.
- Abstract: It should not include subheadings and should be limited to 250 words.
- Keywords: This section should contain a minimum of three and a maximum of six items in accordance with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms prepared by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and should be provided just below the abstract.
- Main Text: It should include Introduction, other subheadings and Conclusion sections and should be limited to 5000 words excluding the references.
- References: The reference list should be placed just below the main text and the number of references should not exceed 50.
- Tables, Figures and Images: They should be provided after the reference list according to their order of appearance in the text.
- For reviews submitted by Turkish authors or from Turkey, Title, Abstract and Keywords should also be provided in Turkish. For reviews submitted by foreign authors outside Turkey, translations of these sections will be the responsibility of the publisher.
Note: The originality of the visuals included in the reviews should be assured by submission of an accompanying letter by the authors. Appropriate citation should be done for the visuals adapted from previously published sources, in accordance with the original versions of the printed or electronic copies. The written permission obtained from the copyright holder (publisher, journal or authors) should be sent to the Editor’s Office.
• Scientific Letter
Manuscripts which announce a new scientific invention, are clinically significant, and are in the form of a preliminary report are accepted for publication as scientific letters.
- Main Text: It should include Introduction, other subheadings and Conclusion sections and should not exceed 900 words excluding the references.
- References: The reference list should be provided just below the main text and the number of references should be limited to 10.
- Tables, Figures and Images: They should be provided below the reference list according to their order of appearance in the text and should be limited to two.
- Abstract and Keywords should not be included.
- For scientific letters submitted by Turkish authors or from Turkey, the Title should also be provided in Turkish. For letters submitted by foreign authors outside Turkey, the translation of these sections will be carried out by Editor’s Office.
• Case Report
Since a limited number of case reports is published, only reports which are related to rare cases and conditions that constitute challenges in diagnosis and treatment, offer new methods or suggest knowledge not included in books, and are interesting and educational are accepted for publication.
- Main Text: It should include Introduction, Case Report, Discussion and Conclusion sections and should not exceed 700 words excluding the references.
- References: The reference list should follow the main text and the number of references should be limited to 20.
- Tables, Figures and Images: They should be provided after the reference list according to their order of appearance in the text and should be limited to two.
- Abstract and Keywords are not included.
- For case reports submitted by Turkish authors or from Turkey, the Title should also be provided in Turkish. For case reports submitted by foreign authors outside Turkey, the translation of these sections will be carried out by the Editor’s Office.
• Letter to the Editor
Letters to the Editor aim to discuss the importance of a manuscript previously published in the journal. This type of manuscripts should also include a comment on the published manuscript. Moreover, articles on topics of interest to readers within the scope of the journal, especially on educational issues, can be published in the format of a Letter to the Editor.
- Main Text: It should not include subheadings and it should be limited to 500 words.
- References: The reference list should follow the main text and the number of references should be limited to five. The volume, year, issue, page numbers, authors’ names and title of the manuscript should be clearly stated, included in the list of references and cited within the text.
- Abstract, Keywords, Tables, Figures and Images, and other visuals are not included.
- For manuscripts submitted by Turkish authors or from Turkey, the Title should also be written in Turkish. For manuscripts submitted by foreign authors outside Turkey, the translation of this section into Turkish will be carried out by the publisher.
• Miscellaneous Articles
This type of manuscript covers important events and obituaries.
- Main Text: It should not exceed 1000 words.
- References: The reference list should follow the main text and the number of references should be limited to 10.
- Tables, Figures and Images: They should be placed after the reference list according to their order of appearance in the text and should be limited to five.
- Abstract and Keywords should not be included.
- For manuscripts submitted by Turkish authors or from Turkey, the Title should also be provided in Turkish. For manuscripts submitted by foreign authors outside Turkey, the translation of this section into Turkish will be carried out by the publisher.
• References should be numbered in the order in which they are cited within the main text.
• Only manuscripts published or accepted for publication should be cited.
• Recent publications related to the topic of the manuscript should be reviewed.
• References that are inaccessible and not indexed in any database should not be cited.
• The titles of journals should be abbreviated in accordance with (Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007
- [updated 2011 Sep 15; cited Year Month Day].
• For references with six and fewer authors, all authors should be listed. For references with more than six authors, the first six authors should be listed, followed by ‘et al’.
The style and punctuation of the references should be formatted as in the following
Journal: Safai B, Johnson KG, Myskowski PL, Koziner B, Yang SY, Cunningham-Rundles S, et al. The natural history of Kaposi’s sarcoma in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Ann Intern Med 1985;103(5):744-50.
Book Chapter: Mueller B, Shad AT, Magrath IT, Horowitz ME. Malignancies in children with HIV infection. In: Pizzo PA, Wilfert CM, editors. Pediatric AIDS: The challenge of HIV infection in infants, children and adolescents. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams&Wilkins; 1994. p. 603-22.
Book with Single Author: Abraham C. Cancer. 2nd ed. New York: Kare; 2009.
Editor(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.
Manuscripts accepted for publication but not published yet: Leshner AI. Molecular mechanisms of cocaine addiction. N Engl J Med In press 1997.
Epub ahead of print articles: Portinari M, Liboni A, Feo CV. Strangulated adenoma of the liver: a unique cause of acute abdomen. Ann Ital Chir 2014 Mar 20 (ePub).
C. Special Terms and Conditions
• For double-blinded peer-review process, the names of the corresponding author and other authors, their affiliations and any information on the study centres should not be included in any part of the submitted manuscripts and images, except the Title Page.
This information should be added to the relevant section of the online submission system and included in the Title Page.
• Pharmaceutical products should be written with their generic names and brand and company names, city and country should be specified for medical equipment and devices.
3. Tables, Graphs and Figures
• Tables, Graphs, Figures and other visuals should be numbered in the order of their
citation within the text and names of patients, doctors and institutions should not be
• Tables should be prepared in a Microsoft Office Word document using the command
‘Insert Table’ and inserted at the end of the references in the main text.
• Tables should not be submitted in JPEG, TIFF or other visual formats. For microscopic
images, the magnification ratio and staining technique used should be specified in
addition to figure legends.
Evaluation and Publication
• The main text submitted to the journal must be in English. Manuscripts written in other languages are not accepted. Citation potential is higher for manuscripts in English.
• The Editor’s Office checks the conformity of the manuscript with the journal’s general guidelines before sending it to associate editors and reviewers. Any manuscripts not prepared in accordance with the journal’s guidelines will be returned for revision. The evaluation period is limited to 25 days. If revision is requested, authors should submit their revised manuscripts within 25 days. Manuscripts and revisions should be submitted through the online manuscript submission system at the website [onkder.org]. Manuscripts sent by e-mail will not be accepted.
• Manuscripts are evaluated in accordance with the principles of double-blinded peer review. Of the submitted manuscripts, those considered to be suitable are subjected to preliminary evaluation by the Editor’s assistants in terms of style, format, etc. and by the Editor in terms of their content. Manuscripts considered to be scientifically adequate are assigned to four reviewers. These reviewers are independent experts and members of the editorial board who have published internationally on the topic of the manuscript. Research articles, systematic reviews and meta-analyses are also evaluated by the Editor’s statistician counsellors in addition to peer review. When needed, the manuscripts are scanned by the Editor’s Office using the iThenticate program for determination of plagiarism and non-ethical situations. Also, all manuscripts are reviewed and edited for compliance with the rules of English grammar. All contributing authors of a manuscript accepted for publication are deemed to have accepted the right of editors to make corrections provided that no fundamental change is made to the basic meaning of the original text. Manuscripts not accorded priority for publication by the Editor, Associate Editors and Referees are rejected.
• The retraction requests of the manuscripts close to the final decision in evaluation process, without any reasonable explanation (not contrary to the Publication Ethics) is considered in the scope of rejection decision. Manuscripts that are not revised and resubmitted within the specified time and fail to notify the journal accordingly will be rejected.
• Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, addition to the author list, removal from the author list and order change cannot be effected.
• Manuscripts accepted for publication are prepared as ‘Epub ahead of print articles’ and published with an assigned DOI on the journal website onkder.org.
• Information on the latest status of manuscripts submitted for evaluation and other information about the journal are available on the website onkder.org. Contact details for the Editor’s Office and the publisher are given below.