TURKISH JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY 2017 , Vol 1 , Num 1
The Evaluation of the Validity and Reliability of the Breast Cancer Awareness Scale (for Turkish Women)
Kamile ALTUNTUĞ1,Vesile KOÇAK1,Emel EGE1
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing, Necmettin Erbakan University Faculty of Nursing, Konya-Turkey DOI : 10.5505/tjo.2021.2708

Summary

OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Breast Cancer Awareness Scale (BCAS) in Turkish.

METHODS
This study is a methodological study. The validity and reliability of the B-CAS were evaluated.

RESULTS
The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin value was found to be 0.76, while the Bartlett"s test results were found to be X2=6411.088, and both test results were found to be at p=0.00 significance level. As a result of the analyses, a five-factor structure that explains 57.85% of the variance and has factor loadings ranging from 0.63 to 0.82 was obtained. It was found that the sub-dimensions of the scale have a good internal consistency. The Cronbach Alpha internal consistency coefficients of the sub-dimensions of the scale were found as 0.87 for Knowledge of Risk Factors, 0.88 for Knowledge of Signs and Symptoms, 0.81 for Attitude to Breast Cancer Prevention, 0.78 for Barriers of Breast Screening, and 0.61 for Health Behavior related to Breast Cancer Awareness.

CONCLUSION
The analyses revealed that the B-CAS is a valid and reliable tool. The Turkish version of the 29 item BCAS can be used as a valid and reliable measurement tool.